segunda-feira, 26 de dezembro de 2016

Labor Reforma or the return of slavery?


Resultado de imagem para joaquim nabuco

Cortes, abolitionist Joaquim Nabuco was present at the signing ceremony of the Lei Áurea, although he had a critical position on the institutional process of abolishing the slave labor regime in Brazil. For a long time, possibly because of a successful consecration strategy, Joaquim Nabuco was singled out as the only one among the Brazilian abolitionists to warn of the need to think of a project of emancipatory fact for those who left bondage in the parents. Our readings on the subject would point us to other names that would have expressed the same concern, such as André Rebouças, José Mariano, for example. This does not detract from the merit of Joaquim Nabuco, only justice is done to other Brazilian abolitionists who had the same concern in integrating a population contingent from a very disadvantaged social and economic condition into society. This has never been thought and, according to social analysts, is at the root of our problems of structural inequalities, reflected in the homeless, landless, the high illiteracy rates among the adult population, and so on.

Cristovam Buarque "of those times" came to worry about this problem, writing some books on the subject, always having as reference the abolitionist Joaquim Nabuco, reasoning that we had to conclude the work of the abolition of slavery in the country, reducing the abyss that separates the Walk upstairs from the bottom of the social pyramid. But, as he well said, this was the Cristovam Buarque "of those times." In recent years, his political stances have changed significantly. He himself took care of widening the gap between his writings and his political trajectory. What used to converge, we now see an inevitable "estrangement".

The senator from Pernambuco, Humberto Costa (PT), made a statement on the proposed Labor Reform of the Temer Government. According to the senator, the Temer Government, in the face of the setback of rights advocated there, was abolishing the Golden Law, that is, Brazilian workers were returning to the stage of colonial slavery. In fact, we are experiencing a very difficult moment in the country, where one of the most visible aspects is the growing process of harassment of labor rights and even the violation of the stony clauses of the Citizen Constitution of 1988. In the case of workers, as the sociologist observes Of Unicamp, Ricardo Antunes, what is being torn is its constitution, the famous CLT. And this occurs at a time of a serious economic crisis, unemployment, threat of unemployment, which makes it even less likely to sketch a reaction on the part of the workers affected.

Financial corporations took over the state. In the end, it is they who dictate public policies today. Everything must work according to the interests of capital. On the floor of the political carriage, we may not consider the observations of the Senator from Pernambuco to be exaggerated, especially if we consider that among the groups that supported these coup warrens in the country there is a kind of "slaveholding bench" A group of parliamentarians accused of exploiting slave labor on their estates and, consequently, interested in the "softening" of legislation in this regard. Everything seems to converge to the "outburst" of the Pernambuco senator. A PEC is approved here, a program is cut there. The MEC, for example, extinguished a program that served as a sort of "vector" to the exploitation of child labor in the countryside. There seems to be no exaggeration in the words of Senator Humberto Costa. Unfortunately.

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