quinta-feira, 5 de janeiro de 2017

The crisis in the Brazilian prison system or the chronicle of an annoucend death



Resultado de imagem para rebelião pedrinhas hoje 2016


Rebellions and slaughter in units of the Brazilian prison system have already become routines. The causes everyone already knows and we will not repeat them here, otherwise our readers will be tired. To get acquainted with this picture, it would be enough to read the reports produced by entities such as Human Right Watch. In the penitentiary complex of Pedrinhas, in Maranhão, state authorities must negotiate constantly with faction leaders to keep the situation "under control". In one of the rebellions in that prison unit, the population shocked the photos of beheaded prisoners that circulated through social networks. There, even scenes of cannibalism have already been recorded. On a sunny Sunday afternoon, in the absence of a skirt with that fat cloak, detainees of a certain faction ate the liver of a disaffection on a barbecue.

After what happened in Manaus, which resulted in the death of 56 inmates - half of them decapitated - President Michel Temer scheduled an audience with his Justice Minister, Alexandre de Moraes, to address the matter. I do not know if we are going to advance much in this discussion, mainly because of a "logic" of reasoning of Alexandre de Moraes in dealing with these issues of public security, centered on "confrontation", "hardening" . We discussed this here yesterday in editorial, where it is clear that its "logic" is absolutely disagreeing with what the most serious world entities say about this issue. While the minister proposes to increase sentences, human rights organizations and lawyers say otherwise, the solution could be to reduce them, reduce them, and gradually reduce the prison population. In this particular case, sensible solutions precede the construction of new prison units to focus on even more important aspects.

In fact, the prison population, in general, has never been treated very well by any government. With the status reached by human rights entities in the governments of the PT coalition, we have made some progress, as a concrete concern with the high levels of illiteracy among detainees. However, they are punctual progresses, which soon regress, due to a structural malpractice with the prison population. There is great prejudice among the population against those who are serving their sentence and this is reflected in a view that things should not work very well there, aggravating the problems of those who have transgressed the rules. In these governments with an authoritarian tendency, then, with the rise of the influence of right-wing or overtly fascist groups, it is no surprise that the maxim is affirmed that "good bandit is a dead bandit."

Especially if we understand that detainees continue in activities even incarcerated, this is an important fact when thinking about complex public security. Yesterday, in a post posted on a local blog, the State Government of Pernambuco announced a series of measures to address the worsening levels of violence in the state. None of them deals with questions related to the prison system in Pernambuco, whose picture is chaotic, with rebellions being registered with a certain frequency, with dead balance. It is well known that what happened in Manaus was a dispute of rival factions inside the prison unit itself. The group that committed the slaughter, known as the Northern Family (NDF), controls the route of drugs produced in Peru and Bolivia, which flows through Solimões. They did not want a competitor in this business. The damned is the information that the Federal Police could already have knowledge about the possible massacre, meeting conditions to avoid it.

In a chaotic picture like this, it is not surprising the ever-increasing power exercised by the grieving within the system. Here in Pernambuco, even when the Pact for Life was created, there was a promise to do away with the figure of the "locksmith" who, in fact, maintains authority within the system. This has never occurred and for obvious reasons. Last year, in all of Brazil, 372 deaths were recorded, at an average of 01 per day. Either the Brazilian prison system undergoes structural reform or rebellions and massacres like this one that occurred in Manaus recently will become frequent. Something needs to be done. Urgently.

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